Avian Risk Design Scenerios

Bird electrocutions on power lines result from three interacting elements: biology, environment, and engineering. The biological and environmental components that influence electrocution risk include body size, habitat, prey, behavior, age, season, and weather.

Avian electrocutions typically occur on power lines with voltages less than 60 kilovolts (kV). Electrocution can occur when a bird simultaneously contacts electrical equipment either phase-to-phase or phase-to-ground.

Suggested Practices for Avian Protection on Power Lines: The State of the Art in 2006
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SINGLE PHASE: Corner Pole | Ground Pin

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THREE PHASE: Two Conductors on one Side

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THREE PHASE: Center Conductor on Pole

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THREE PHASE: Double Dead End

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THREE PHASE: Compact Design

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THREE PHASE: Steel/Concrete Pole

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CORNER POLE: Three Phase Distribution Corner

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EQUIPMENT POLE: Single Phase Transformer

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EQUIPMENT POLE: Three Phase Transformer Bank

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RISER POLE: Cable Terminal Pole

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TRANSMISSION: 69kV Wood Pole

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TRANSMISSION: 69kV Steel Pole

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TRANSMISSION: 115kV Double Circuit Steel Tower

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